Black Pepper

Black Pepper


Botanical Specie: Piper nigrum


Psychological: Tonifying to the mind.

Physiological: Analgesic, antispasmodic, carminative, digestive, diuretic, expectorant.

Appropriate for:

Sluggish and poor circulation, constipation, flatulence, aching muscles and joints, arthritis, neuralgia, rheumatic pain, sprains, stiffness, fluid retention, chest congestion.

Safety precautions:

A strong oil that needs to be handled with care since it may cause irritation to sensitive skin. Always use with a base carrier oil.

Producing Organ: Berries

Origin: India

Aromatherapy Institute, Inc. Practitioner Certification Clinical I Manual, page 36.

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