Botanical Specie: Betula lenta
Physiological: Analgesic, antiseptic, astringent, depurative, strong pain killing action.
Poor circulation, numbness, cold hands and feet, fluid retention, kidney stones, tonic action on the kidneys, encourages removal of toxins, arthritis, sore muscles, inflammation of the joints.
A strong oil that needs to be handled with care since it may cause irritation to sensitive skin. Always use with a base carrier oil.
Producing Organ: Bark
Aromatherapy Institute, Inc. Practitioner Certification Clinical I Manual, page 35.